Reading the academic literature Text Analytics seems difficult. However, applying it in practice has shown us that Text Classification is much easier than it looks. Most of the Classifiers consist of only a few lines of code.In this three-part blog series we will examine the three well-known Classifiers; the Naive Bayes, Maximum Entropy and Support Vector Machines. From the introductionary blog we know that the Naive Bayes Classifier is based on the bag-of-words model.
With the bag-of-words model we check which word of the text-document appears in a positive-words-list or a negative-words-list. If the word appears in a positive-words-list the total score of the text is updated with +1 and vice versa. If at the end the total score is positive, the text is classified as positive and if it is negative, the text is classified as negative. Simple enough!
With the Naive Bayes model, we do not take only a small set of positive and negative words into account, but all words the NB Classifier was trained with, i.e. all words presents in the training set. If a word has not appeared in the training set, we have no data available and apply Laplacian smoothing (use 1 instead of the conditional probability of the word).
Source: Data Science Central